Transitioning from health education theory to practice may present certain challenges for health educators. For example, how does a health educator determine what health education theory is best suited for an individual or group?
Consider the scenario:
Harris started smoking at the age of 14 and currently smokes 1 pack of cigarettes a day. Having just turned 21, Harris is experiencing difficulty breathing and is finding that 1 pack of cigarettes is no longer sufficient. Harris has been considering letting smoking go for the past three months. In fact, Harris tried quitting smoking with friends in the past and even tried alternative sources of nicotine, including gum and a patch. Harris also stopped smoking altogether for an entire week last month but found that it only made the problem worse. Harris’ desire to keep smoking and in fact to increase the amount of cigarettes smoked has been noticed by his family and friends. Frustrated, Harris is concerned that nothing is working and really wants to change but does not know how.
Post an explanation of how you would apply the HBM to the scenario described. Explain how this theoretical model may assist health educators with program planning and implementation. Be specific and provide examples.
Cottrell, R. R., Girvan, J. T., Seabert, D., Spear, C., & McKenzie, J. F. (2018). Principles and foundations of health promotion and education (7th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Benjamin Cummings.
- Chapter 4, “Theories and Planning Models”
For this Assignment, review the Point Mar Case Study and download the TPB Worksheet Template provided in this week’s Learning Resources. Consider how the constructs of the TPB may apply to the health issue and your health education program from the Point Mar Case Study for the Final Project.You will need to fill out the boxes on the TBP worksheet as it pertains to your health issue you selected in week 2 and then respond to “Summarize your experience of completing this activity and explain the value of theoretical applications for health education practice” in narrative/paragraph from. If you cite any information than you must include references for that information in the proper APA format.
- 1. Complete the worksheet based on the health issue that you selected and the constructs of the TPB.
Note: Do not select planning models.
- 2. Summarize your experience of completing this activity and explain the value of theoretical applications for health education practice. (Narrative/paragraph form)
Congratulations! You have been hired by the Vista County Health Department as their new health educator. This county has never had a health educator and is only minimally staffed with three public health nurses, a sanitarian, two community health workers and a physician health officer who all occupy the small public health department to which you are assigned. Your resources are limited as this is a relatively poor county economically. Your public health department is located along the Pacific coast in the southern part of the state. The county has an overall population of approximately 100,000 with the main population center located in the port city of Point Mar. Point Mar has a population of 37,500 while the other five towns in the county have populations ranging from 2,000 to 9,300 and, in addition, there are scattered pockets of people living in many unincorporated areas of the county who are involved in a variety of economic pursuits. The principle sources of income for Vista County are derived from agriculture, commercial shipping, fishing, tourism, and small to medium businesses. The population of Vista County is 43% Caucasian, 33% Hispanic, 12% Asian/Pacific Islander, 10% African American, and 2% American Indian. There has been a recent influx of Southeast Asians into Point Mar and there is a regular Latino migrant farm worker population employed in the County’s agricultural areas. In general, the road systems are adequate to connect all the towns in the county. The distances between towns range from 8–20 miles and all towns and most outlying areas have telephone, electricity, sanitation, and water services. In addition, there are two major newspapers, three radio stations, and one cable television station serving the county. Of these, one newspaper, one radio station, and the cable TV station are located in Point Mar. There are three high schools, four middle schools, and five elementary schools in the county with one-third of the children in the county being bussed into these schools. There are three hospitals in the county with two of these (Vista County Hospital and San Sebastian Regional Medical Center) located in Point Mar. There are also ambulance services, fire and police services, and other governmental agencies serving the entire county. Based on your needs assessment you have identified five potential health issues in the Point Mar community. These include: Periodic outbreaks of food poisoning among the fast food restaurants serving the beach recreational areas of Point Mar Increasing levels of childhood obesity associated with adult onset type II diabetes An increase in TB among Asian immigrants that have moved to the area An increase in Chlamydia infections among teens in the community High job-related accident rates among Latino dock workers at the port An increase in acciden