Explain why the Belmont report was created.?Discuss the Basic Ethical Principles cited in the Belmont Report.?Identify the ethical controversies that existed in the following psychological experiments:? Little Albert? Milgram?s Obedience? Zimbardo Prisoner Stanford Experiment?
PSY5102-8 > Applied Psychology and Behaviorism > SyllaID: 33198Week: 5Instructor: Michelle Ackerman , PhD , Introduction:Ethics in Changing Human BehaviorBefore 1906 when the U.S. federal government passed the Pure Food and Drug Act that created the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the United States was not overly concerned about research ethics. Tlegislation set basic standards for research using human subjects; however, it did not present clear-cut guidelines for researchers. In fact, ethical standards involving human research participants were not addressed until after the Nuremberg trials of the Nazi war criminals.Behaviorist John Watson strongly believed that psychologists must focus only on objectively studying behavior through observation to make psychology more like a natural science. He reduced all behavior to basic stimulus-response units and proposed that behaviors can be unlearned and manipulated, through psychology. Watson, along with graduate assistant, Rosalie Rayner (who later became second wife) put theory to the test in perhaps one of the most controversial psychological experiments ever conducted. In the Little Albert experiment, the researchers conditioned a small child to fear a white rat. The controversy with the experiment centers on the fact that the researchers did not decondition the child?s fear.Clever Hans and the animals in the IQ Zoo were all examples of behavioral principles used to change animal behaviors. When thprinciples were used to brfear of furry objects in Little Albert, questions of the ethical treatment of human subjects in psychological experiments began to emerge. Tweek requiyou to assess whether the Little Albert experiment could have been conducted ethically.Be sure to review tweek?s resources carefully. You are expected to apply the information from thresources when you prepare your assignments.Books and Resources for tWeek: WebsitesReferenceInstruction The Critical Thinking Community. (2013). Developing as rational persons: Viewing our development in stages.https://www.criticalthinking.org/pages/developing-as-rational-persons-viewing-our-development-in-stages/518Review websiteThe files. (2008). The Little Albert study: What you know is?mostly wrong.https://www.thepsychfiles.com/2008/02/episode-47-the-little-albert-study-what-you-know-ismostly-wrong/Review websiteU.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2015). The Belmont Report.https://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/humansubjects/guidance/belmont.htmlReview websiteActivities for week (07/13/201507/19/2015)Activity 1:Complete Assignment 1Due: 07/19/2015Activity 2:Complete TSM Activity 1Due: 07/19/2015PSY5102-8 > Applied Psychology and Behaviorism >> Examine the Historical Roots of the Belmont Report (Graded, Required)SyllaID: 33198DownloadPrint Assignment: Examine the Historical Roots of the Belmont ReportActivity DescriptionWarm-Up Activity 5.1: Little Albert ExperimentExamine the controversy about the Little Albert experiment (resource is located under your weekly resources) to determine whether it was really an experiment or not: The Little Albert Study: What You Know Is?Mostly WrongWarm-Up Activity 5.2: Belmont ReportReview the Belmont Report located under your weekly resources.Warm-Up Activity 5.3: Critical Thinking SkillsFurther develop your critical thinking skills through careful reading and application of the principles identified in the following article, located under your weekly resources: Developing as Rational Persons.AssignmentFor ttask, you will consider the historical context and influences on the development of the Belmont Report which today governs research using human participants.After you have completed your readings for the week, prepare a paper that addresses the following:?Explain why the Belmont report was created.?Discuss the Basic Ethical Principles cited in the Belmont Report.?Identify the ethical controversies that existed in the following psychological experiments:? Little Albert? Milgram?s Obedience? Zimbardo Prisoner Stanford Experiment?Explain how the ethical controversies of thexperiments might have influenced the nto create the Belmont Report.?Include your assessment of what basic ethical principles cited in the Belmont Report appear to have been violated in thexperiments.Support your paper with reference to three articles published in peer reviewed journals. In addition to thspecified resources, other appropriate scholarly resources may be included.Length: 5-7 pagesYour paper should demonstrate thoughtful consideration of the ideas and concepts presented in the course by providing new thoughts and insights relating directly to ttopic. Your response should reflect scholarly writing and current Astandards. Be sure to adhere to Northcentral University?s Academic Integrity Policy.Upload your assignment using the Upload Assignment button below.
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