Discussion Questions

Read textbook Fiero, G. K. (2007). Landmarks in humanities (4th ed). New York: NY McGraw-Hill. ISBN: 9781259544927 “Chapter 10, “Baroque: Piety and Extravagance,” pages 271–288, Chapter 11, “Enlightenment: Science and the New Learning, and Chapter 12, “Romanticism: Nature, Passion, and the Sublime” Chapter 13, “Materialism: The Industrial Era and the Urban Scene,” pages 358–385 and Chapter 14: “Modernism: The Assault on Tradition, pages 386–397, 398–409, 410–419.

1. Visual Arts

Think back in the textbook over all of the pictures of paintings and sculptures you have seen in our textbook during this quarter, and select five that you found to be especially interesting. How does each embody the aesthetic principles for visual art that we examined together in this unit? What feelings, thoughts, and motives do your perceptions elicit in each instance?

In your initial post, explain what is best about each of your selections and how each challenges your understanding of the world and of yourself.

2. Photography and Art

The invention of photography during the 19th century—and its further development in the 20th, with the additional capacity for color and motion—made it possible to capture accurate two-dimensional images directly, without the talents of artists and painters. And yet the visual arts continued to thrive.

Which elements of the painterly traditions transferred easily into the composition of photographs and which did not? How might the availability of photography have contributed to changes in the style employed by painters during this period?

3. Modern Art

Suppose some of your friends say that they hate modern art, architecture, literature, music, thought, and politics. They resent the use of tax money to support the production or display of foolish attacks on traditional forms of expression. What, they ask you, is the point of modernism, and why should we tolerate it as part of our society? How would you answer?

You may agree or disagree with your friends’ distaste for all things modern and revolutionary, but your answer should be based on evidence you have discovered during our study of the humanities, including the reading for this unit. Is there a respectable way to make sense of modernist movements, or are they simply rebellion for its own sake?

4. Modern Architecture

Let us begin to wrap up our discourse with each other where it began, with a look at architecture. Consider the modern style expressed by Frank Lloyd Wright, Walter Gropius, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, and Le Corbusier, along with the postmodernism of Sir Norman Foster, Phillip Johnson, and Frank Gehry.

How have their designs contributed to our sense of the spaces we inhabit?

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Discussion Questions was first posted on December 17, 2020 at 5:14 am.
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Discussion Questions
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