I need help creating a thesis and an outline on UK Strategy for Radioactive Discharges. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. Various regulatory authorities make sure that the Government policy is implemented. The regulatory authorities include SEPA (Scottish Environment Protection Authority) in Scotland, NII (Nuclear Installations Inspectorate) of the HSE (Health and Safety Executive), NIEA (Northern Ireland Environment Agency) in Northern Ireland, and Environment Agency in Wales and England. For instance, the NII regulates radioactive waste accumulation on nuclear sites in the United Kingdom. The regulation is made regarding its treatment, production, and storage (Department of Energy & Climate Change 2009, p11). . . .
Q3. What requirements does the Euratom Treaty place on member states about radioactive discharges?
The Euratom Treaty necessitates compliance with reporting and monitoring radioactivity in the European environment based on Articles 35 and 36. It also requires compliance in preventing waste disposal or radioactive discharges in one Member State, leading to the contamination of a neighboring Member State’s environment based on Article 37. Therefore, the European Commission decides on whether a plan for disposal of radioactive waste can lead to contamination of the soil, water, or air of another Member State. It is essential to state that the defense sites are not subjected to the Euratom Treaty regulation (Department of Energy & Climate Change 2009, p12-13).
Q4. Identify the principal sectors of the nuclear industry that are responsible for radioactive discharges. What types of operations are undertaken, and what kinds of the atomic facility are involved?
The nuclear industry in the United Kingdom is divided into five sectors: defense facilities, research facilities, spent fuel reprocessing, nuclear energy production, and nuclear fuel manufacture and uranium enrichment. The sectors are responsible for the prevention of radioactive discharges from their facilities. Each industry has its form of discharge and abatement technologies that help them control such shots (Department of Energy & Climate Change 2009, p24). The major releases from the nuclear sectors include total-alpha discharges, total-beta discharges, and tritium discharges (Department of Energy & Climate Change 2009, p25-26).
Q5. For the two sectors specified [(a) Nuclear Energy Production Sector and (b) Spent Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing Sector], identify the locations in the UK where operations leading to radioactive discharges carried out
For Nuclear Energy Production Sector, there are different power stations located across the United Kingdom. For Magnox, there are eleven Magnox gas-cooled power stations in the United Kingdom. However, ten of the mentioned sites have terminated power production and are in the process of decommissioning. Five of the sites have been wholly defueled. The only operational site is Wylfa, and the site is anticipated to end the operation in December 2010 (Department of Energy & Climate Change 2009, p72).